The Resource The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma, edited by B. Jack Copeland

The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma, edited by B. Jack Copeland

Label
The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma
Title
The essential Turing
Title remainder
seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma
Statement of responsibility
edited by B. Jack Copeland
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Alan Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, non-specialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this ground-breaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction by leading Turing expert Jack Copeland provides the background and guides the reader through the selection. Alan Turing FRS OBE, (1912-1954) studied mathematics at King's College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of King's in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines - now known simply as Turing machines - on which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modeled. During 1936-1938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University.; He completed a PhD in mathematical logic, analyzing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory. An 'oracle' is an abstract device able to solve mathematical problems too difficult for the universal Turing machine. In the summer of 1938 Turing returned to his Fellowship at King's. When WWII started in 1939 he joined the wartime headquarters of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC & CS) at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire. Building on earlier work by Polish cryptanalysts, Turing contributed crucially to the design of electro-mechanical machines ('bombes') used to decipher Enigma, the code by means of which the German armed forces sought to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'.; Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morse-based Enigma for the encryption of high-level signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC & CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played. In 1945, the war over, Turing was recruited to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic computer - a concrete form of the universal Turing machine. Turing's report setting out his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was the first relatively complete specification of an electronic stored-program general-purpose digital computer. Delays beyond Turing's control resulted in NPL's losing the race to build the world's first working electronic stored-program digital computer - an honor that went to the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University, in June 1948. Discouraged by the delays at NPL, Turing took up the Deputy Directorship of the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory in that year.; Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a digital computing machine, theorizing that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganized machine' which through 'training' becomes organized 'into a universal machine or something like it'. He also pioneered Artificial Intelligence. Turing spent the rest of his short career at Manchester University, being appointed to a specially created Readership in the Theory of Computing in May 1953. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in March 1951 (a high honor). In March 1952, he was prosecuted for his homosexuality, then a crime in Britain, and sentenced to a period of twelve months hormone 'therapy'. From 1951 Turing wor
Member of
Action
digitized
Biography type
contains biographical information
Cataloging source
N$T
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1912-1954
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Turing, Alan
Dewey number
510
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
QA7
LC item number
.T772 2004eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1950-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Copeland, B. Jack
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Turing, Alan
  • Turing, Alan
  • Turing, A. M.
  • Turing, Alan Mathison
  • Turing, Alan
  • Mathematics
  • Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
  • Enigma cipher system
  • Artificial intelligence
  • MATHEMATICS
  • MATHEMATICS
  • MATHEMATICS
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Enigma cipher system
  • Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
  • Mathematics
  • Informatica
Label
The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma, edited by B. Jack Copeland
Link
https://ezproxy.lib.ou.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=176999
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Alan Turing 1912-1954 / Jack Copeland -- Computable numbers : a guide / Jack Copeland -- On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem (1936) -- On computable numbers : corrections and critiques / Alan Turing, Emil Post and Donald W. Davies -- Systems of logic based on ordinals (1938), including excerpts from Turing's correspondence, 1936-1938 -- Letters on logic to Max Newman (c.1940) -- Enigma / Jack Copeland -- History of Hut 8 to December 1941 (1945), featuring an excerpt from Turing's 'Treatise on the Enigma' / Patrick Mahon -- Bombe and Spider (1940) -- Letter to Winston Churchill (1941) -- Memorandum to OP-20-G on Naval Enigma (c.1941) -- Artificial intelligence / Jack Copeland -- Lecture on the automatic computing engine (1947) -- Intelligent machinery (1948) -- Computing machinery and intelligence (1950) -- Intelligent machinery, a heretical theory (c.1951) -- Can digital computers think? (1951) -- Can automatic calculating machines be said to think? (1952) / Alan Turing, Richard Braithwaite, Geoffrey Jefferson and Max Newman -- Artificial life / Jack Copeland -- The chemical basis of morphogenesis (1952) -- Chess (1953) -- Solvable and unsolvable problems (1954)
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 613 pages)
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780191520280
Lccn
2004275594
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
eBooks on EBSCOhost
Other control number
99808595698
Other physical details
illustrations
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)77004045
  • (OCoLC)ocm77004045
System details
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Label
The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma, edited by B. Jack Copeland
Link
https://ezproxy.lib.ou.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=176999
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Alan Turing 1912-1954 / Jack Copeland -- Computable numbers : a guide / Jack Copeland -- On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem (1936) -- On computable numbers : corrections and critiques / Alan Turing, Emil Post and Donald W. Davies -- Systems of logic based on ordinals (1938), including excerpts from Turing's correspondence, 1936-1938 -- Letters on logic to Max Newman (c.1940) -- Enigma / Jack Copeland -- History of Hut 8 to December 1941 (1945), featuring an excerpt from Turing's 'Treatise on the Enigma' / Patrick Mahon -- Bombe and Spider (1940) -- Letter to Winston Churchill (1941) -- Memorandum to OP-20-G on Naval Enigma (c.1941) -- Artificial intelligence / Jack Copeland -- Lecture on the automatic computing engine (1947) -- Intelligent machinery (1948) -- Computing machinery and intelligence (1950) -- Intelligent machinery, a heretical theory (c.1951) -- Can digital computers think? (1951) -- Can automatic calculating machines be said to think? (1952) / Alan Turing, Richard Braithwaite, Geoffrey Jefferson and Max Newman -- Artificial life / Jack Copeland -- The chemical basis of morphogenesis (1952) -- Chess (1953) -- Solvable and unsolvable problems (1954)
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 613 pages)
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780191520280
Lccn
2004275594
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
eBooks on EBSCOhost
Other control number
99808595698
Other physical details
illustrations
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)77004045
  • (OCoLC)ocm77004045
System details
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.

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