The Resource Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon, [edited] by Frans J.M. Rietmeijer, (electronic resource)

Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon, [edited] by Frans J.M. Rietmeijer, (electronic resource)

Label
Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon
Title
Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon
Statement of responsibility
[edited] by Frans J.M. Rietmeijer
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Observational, experimental and analytical data show that C60, larger fullerenes, and related structures of elemental carbon exist in interstellar space, meteorites, and on Earth and are associated with meteorite in impact events and in carbon-rich environments such as coals (shungite) and bitumen. The existence of natural fullerenes is at best contested and incompletely documented; realistically it is still controversial. Their presence in astronomical environments can be experimentally constrained but observationally they remain elusive. Fullerenes formation in planetary environments is poorly understood. They survived for giga-years when the environmental conditions were exactly right but even then only a fraction of their original abundance survived. Natural fullerenes and related carbon structures are found in interstellar space, in carbonaceous meteorites associated with giant meteorite impacts (including at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary) as well as in soot, coal and natural bitumen. This book provides an up-to-date summary of the state of knowledge on natural fullerenes occurrences and the laboratory techniques used to determine their presence at low concentration in rock samples. It demonstrates that natural fullerenes exist and should be searched for in places not yet considered such as carbon-containing deep-seated crustal rocks. Natural Fullerenes and Related Structures of Elemental Carbon is written for professional astronomers, meteoriticists, earth and planetary scientists, biologists and chemists interested in carbon and hydrocarbon vapor condensation. It is an invaluable resource for practicing research scientists and science teachers in Earth and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Carbon Science
Member of
Cataloging source
NOC
Dewey number
546/.681
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
LC call number
QD181.C1
LC item number
N39 2006
Literary form
non fiction
NAL call number
QD181.C1
NAL item number
N376 2006
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1949-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Rietmeijer, Franciscus Johannes Maria
Series statement
Developments in fullerene science
Series volume
v. 6
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Fullerenes
  • Carbon
  • SCIENCE
  • Chimie
  • Science des matériaux
  • Carbon
  • Fullerenes
  • Fullerenes
  • Carbon
Label
Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon, [edited] by Frans J.M. Rietmeijer, (electronic resource)
Link
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4135-7
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Cover -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- Foreword -- Overview by the Editor -- Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION: SPACE -- PANDORA'S BOX -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Carbon Chains -- 3. Carbon Stars -- 3.1 Theories of Molecule Production in ISM -- 4. C<sub>60</sup> Discovery -- 5. Astrophysical Connection -- 5.1 RCorBor Stars -- 6. Epilogue -- Chapter 2 FORMATION OF FULLERENES -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Different Production Processes and Fullerene Yields -- 3. Carbon Molecular Growth -- 4. Fullerene Formation by Carbon Vapor Condensation -- 4.1 Evaporation of Carbon in a Helium Atmosphere -- 4.2 The Laser-Furnace Method -- 4.3 Fullerene Formation in the Laser Furnace -- 4.4 Some Conclusions on Fullerene Formation -- 5. Fullerenes by Incomplete Hydrocarbon Combustion -- 6. Fullerenes by Pyrolysis of Suitable Precursors -- 7. Fullerene Formation under Ambient Conditions -- 8. References -- Chapter 3 CARBONACEOUS ONION-LIKE PARTICLES: A POSSIBLE COMPONENT OF THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Synthesis of the Laboratory Analog and Its Properties -- 3. UV Spectra and Structure of QCC Materials -- 3.1 UV Spectra of QCC -- 3.2 Structure of QCC Materials -- 3.3 Comparison to Other Carbonaceous Materials and the Origin of the 220-nm Absorption Band -- 4. IR Spectra -- 4.1 IR Spectra of QCC Materials -- 4.2 Comparison to Other Carbonaceous Materials -- 5. A Possible Scenario for the Formation of the IEF Carrier -- 6. Summary and Conclusions -- 7. References -- Chapter 4 FULLERENES AND RELATED CARBON COMPOUNDS IN INTERSTELLAR ENVIRONMENTS -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Fullerenes -- 2. Fullerenes and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- 2.1 The C<sub>60</sub> Cation and Criteria for Spectroscopic Identification -- 2.2 New Observations of the Near Infrared DIBs -- 2.3 Ionization States for Interstellar Fullerenes -- 3. Conclusions -- 4. References -- Chapter 5 NATURAL C<sub>60</sub> AND LARGE FULLERENES: A MATTER OF DETECTION AND ASTROPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fullerene Detection -- 2.1 High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 2.2 Raman Microspectroscopy -- 3. The Key Role of C<sub>60</sub> in Carbon Condensation and Soot Evolution Inferred from HRTEM Images -- 4. Astrophysical Implication -- 5. Conclusions -- 6. References -- Chapter 6 FULLERENES IN METEORITES AND THE NATURE OF PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Fullerenes in the Cosmos -- 1.2 Trapped Noble Gases in Meteorites -- 2. Theories on the Origin of Planetary Atmospheres -- 3. Synthetic Fullerenes and the Encapsulation of Noble Gases -- 4. Fullerene as a Noble Gas Carrier in Meteorites -- 5. The Fullerene Carrier Hypothesis -- 6. Fullerenes in Synthetic Graphitic Smokes -- 7. Testing for Other Carriers in Extracted Fullerene Meteorite Residues -- 8. HRTEM of Fullerenes Residues Revisited -- 9. HRTEM of Fullerenes in GS Smoke and the Tagish Lake Meteorite -- 9.1 Synthetic GS Smoke Fullerene -- 9.2 Tagish Lake (CI2) Meteorite Fullerene -- 10. Significance of Fullerenes as the Planetary Noble Gas Component -- 11. Conclusions --T$74
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xxii, 295 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781402041341
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Specific material designation
remote
Stock number
978-1-4020-4134-1
System control number
  • (OCoLC)100508959
  • (OCoLC)ocn100508959
Label
Natural fullerenes and related structures of elemental carbon, [edited] by Frans J.M. Rietmeijer, (electronic resource)
Link
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4135-7
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Cover -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- Foreword -- Overview by the Editor -- Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION: SPACE -- PANDORA'S BOX -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Carbon Chains -- 3. Carbon Stars -- 3.1 Theories of Molecule Production in ISM -- 4. C<sub>60</sup> Discovery -- 5. Astrophysical Connection -- 5.1 RCorBor Stars -- 6. Epilogue -- Chapter 2 FORMATION OF FULLERENES -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Different Production Processes and Fullerene Yields -- 3. Carbon Molecular Growth -- 4. Fullerene Formation by Carbon Vapor Condensation -- 4.1 Evaporation of Carbon in a Helium Atmosphere -- 4.2 The Laser-Furnace Method -- 4.3 Fullerene Formation in the Laser Furnace -- 4.4 Some Conclusions on Fullerene Formation -- 5. Fullerenes by Incomplete Hydrocarbon Combustion -- 6. Fullerenes by Pyrolysis of Suitable Precursors -- 7. Fullerene Formation under Ambient Conditions -- 8. References -- Chapter 3 CARBONACEOUS ONION-LIKE PARTICLES: A POSSIBLE COMPONENT OF THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Synthesis of the Laboratory Analog and Its Properties -- 3. UV Spectra and Structure of QCC Materials -- 3.1 UV Spectra of QCC -- 3.2 Structure of QCC Materials -- 3.3 Comparison to Other Carbonaceous Materials and the Origin of the 220-nm Absorption Band -- 4. IR Spectra -- 4.1 IR Spectra of QCC Materials -- 4.2 Comparison to Other Carbonaceous Materials -- 5. A Possible Scenario for the Formation of the IEF Carrier -- 6. Summary and Conclusions -- 7. References -- Chapter 4 FULLERENES AND RELATED CARBON COMPOUNDS IN INTERSTELLAR ENVIRONMENTS -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Fullerenes -- 2. Fullerenes and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- 2.1 The C<sub>60</sub> Cation and Criteria for Spectroscopic Identification -- 2.2 New Observations of the Near Infrared DIBs -- 2.3 Ionization States for Interstellar Fullerenes -- 3. Conclusions -- 4. References -- Chapter 5 NATURAL C<sub>60</sub> AND LARGE FULLERENES: A MATTER OF DETECTION AND ASTROPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fullerene Detection -- 2.1 High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 2.2 Raman Microspectroscopy -- 3. The Key Role of C<sub>60</sub> in Carbon Condensation and Soot Evolution Inferred from HRTEM Images -- 4. Astrophysical Implication -- 5. Conclusions -- 6. References -- Chapter 6 FULLERENES IN METEORITES AND THE NATURE OF PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Fullerenes in the Cosmos -- 1.2 Trapped Noble Gases in Meteorites -- 2. Theories on the Origin of Planetary Atmospheres -- 3. Synthetic Fullerenes and the Encapsulation of Noble Gases -- 4. Fullerene as a Noble Gas Carrier in Meteorites -- 5. The Fullerene Carrier Hypothesis -- 6. Fullerenes in Synthetic Graphitic Smokes -- 7. Testing for Other Carriers in Extracted Fullerene Meteorite Residues -- 8. HRTEM of Fullerenes Residues Revisited -- 9. HRTEM of Fullerenes in GS Smoke and the Tagish Lake Meteorite -- 9.1 Synthetic GS Smoke Fullerene -- 9.2 Tagish Lake (CI2) Meteorite Fullerene -- 10. Significance of Fullerenes as the Planetary Noble Gas Component -- 11. Conclusions --T$74
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xxii, 295 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781402041341
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Specific material designation
remote
Stock number
978-1-4020-4134-1
System control number
  • (OCoLC)100508959
  • (OCoLC)ocn100508959

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