The Resource Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law : Legal Issues and Challenges

Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law : Legal Issues and Challenges

Label
Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law : Legal Issues and Challenges
Title
Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law
Title remainder
Legal Issues and Challenges
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Hedemann-Robinson, Martin
Dewey number
344.24046
LC call number
KJE6242 -- .H434 2015eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
LAW / General
Label
Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law : Legal Issues and Challenges
Link
https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/oulaw/detail.action?docID=3569124
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Table of cases -- Table of treaties and environmental legislation -- Table of abbreviations -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Legal architecture and terminology of the EU: a brief overview -- 1.1.1 Overview of the Union's constitutional development -- 1.2 The EU's institutional framework -- 1.3 EU environmental policy and law -- 1.3.1 Legal basis for the adoption of EU environmental measures -- 1.3.2 Types of EU environmental legislative measures -- PART I The role of the European Commission in enforcing EU environmental law -- 2 EU institutional enforcement of EU environmental law: the general legal framework -- 2.1 The role of the European Commission as primary law enforcer -- 2.2 Types of breaches of EU environmental law -- 2.2.1 Non-transposition cases -- 2.2.2 'Bad-application' cases -- 2.3 Enforcement proceedings brought by the European Commission: Articles 258 and 260(2) TFEU -- 2.3.1 Structure and format of Article 258 TFEU proceedings -- 2.3.2 Structure and format of Article 260(2) TFEU second-round proceedings -- 2.4 Enforcement proceedings brought by a Member State: Article 259 TFEU -- 2.5 The European Atomic Energy Community Treaty and infringement proceedings -- 3 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (1): Article 258 TFEU and 'first-round' infringement proceedings -- 3.1 Detection of breaches of law -- 3.2 Overview of core elements of Commission infringement proceedings -- 3.2.1 General remarks regarding first-round proceedings under Article 258 TFEU -- 3.2.2 General remarks regarding second-round proceedings under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 3.2.3 Tables highlighting procedure and typical length of Article 258 TFEU infringement actions -- 3.3 The pre-litigation phase in Article 258 TFEU infringement proceedings -- 3.3.1 Evidence and onus of proof
  • 3.3.2 Investigations and the role of Article 4(3) TEU: duty of co-operation -- 3.3.3 European Commission discretion in deciding to take legal action -- 3.3.4 Letter of Formal Notice (LFN): the first written warning -- 3.3.5 Reasoned Opinion (RO): the second written warning -- 3.4 The litigation phase: application to the CJEU -- 3.4.1 Contents of the Court application -- 3.4.2 Temporal aspects of the litigation phase -- 3.5 Common defence submissions in environmental infringement proceedings -- 3.5.1 Internal problems facing an EU member state -- 3.5.2 The element of fault on the part of the defendant member state -- 3.5.3 Breach by another member state -- 3.5.4 De minimis-type arguments -- 3.5.5 Adequacy of implementation of EU environmental law -- 3.5.6 Temporal arguments -- 3.6 Interim relief and Article 258 TFEU proceedings -- 3.6.1 Legal and institutional framework for securing interim measures -- 3.6.2 Interim measures and environmental casework -- 4 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (2): Article 260 TFEU and 'second-round' infringement proceedings -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.1.1 Duration of second-round infringement procedure -- 4.2 General legal framework of the second-round infringement action (Article 260 TFEU) -- 4.2.1 Article 260(1) TFEU -- 4.2.2 Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3 Financial penalties under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3.1 European Commission policy on financial penalties under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3.2 The CJEU's principles relating to financial sanctions under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.4 Some concluding remarks on the second-round infringement procedure -- 5 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (3): some critical reflections -- 5.1 Investigation and detection of infringements -- 5.1.1 Investigatory and inspection tools -- 5.1.2 Resources issues
  • 5.1.3 Complainants as sources of information on environmental law enforcement -- 5.2 Limitations of legal structures underpinning Articles 258 and 260 TFEU -- 5.2.1 Temporal aspects -- 5.2.2 Legal sanctions -- 5.3 The European Commission and conflicts of interest -- 5.3.1 College of Commissioners -- 5.3.2 The level of Directorate General -- 5.4 Prioritisation of cases and reform of the monitoring process -- 5.4.1 Commission responses to the issue of casework prioritisation -- 5.5 Accountability and infringement proceedings -- 5.6 Statistical information on EU environmental infringement cases -- 5.6.1 European Commission annual reports on monitoring the application of EU law -- 5.6.2 European Commission annual surveys and other annual publications on the implementation and enforcement of EU environmental law -- 5.6.3 Statistical tables on EU environmental complaints and infringement cases -- 5.7 Some brief concluding remarks -- PART II The role of private persons in enforcing EU environmental law -- Section 1 Taking action at national level -- 6 Enforcement of EU environmental law at national level by private persons: general legal principles -- 6.1 Direct effect and EU environmental law -- 6.1.1 General introduction -- 6.1.2 Criteria for direct effect and EU environmental directives -- 6.1.3 Applying direct effect of directives against public authorities -- 6.1.4 Reliance upon directives against private persons -- 6.2 Indirect effect and EU environmental law -- 6.2.1 General points -- 6.2.2 Indirect effect and liability under criminal or administrative law -- 6.3 Concluding remarks -- 7 Access to justice at national level for breaches of EU environmental law (1): the role of the Court of Justice of the EU -- 7.1 General principle of procedural autonomy under EU law -- 7.2 Remedies at national level: general principles developed by the CJEU
  • 7.2.1 Duties on national courts to provide remedies -- 7.2.2 Duties of non-judicial national authorities to provide adequate remedies -- 7.3 State liability for breaches of EU environmental law -- 7.3.1 General legal criteria for proving state liability under EU law -- 7.3.2 State liability and EU environmental law -- 7.4 Some concluding remarks -- 8 Access to justice at national level for breaches of EU environmental law (2): EU legislation on access to legal review at national level -- 8.1 The 1998 Århus Convention and its impact on the EU legal order -- 8.1.1 Overview of Århus -- 8.1.2 Legal impact of Århus for the European Union -- 8.2 EU legislative implementation of the Århus Convention's obligations on access to environmental justice -- 8.2.1 Access to justice regarding the first pillar of Århus (environmental information) -- 8.2.2 Access to justice regarding the second pillar of Århus (public participation in environmental decision-making) -- 8.2.3 Access to justice regarding the third pillar: environmental law enforcement -- 8.3 Possibilities for a general EU directive on access to justice in environmental matters at national level -- 8.3.1 The Seventh EU Environmental Action Programme (EAP7) and access to environmental justice at national level -- 8.3.2 The 2003 Draft Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (AJEM) Directive -- 8.4 Some concluding remarks -- Section 2 Taking action at EU level -- 9 Private enforcement of EU environmental law at EU institutional level (1): access to justice -- 9.1 Access to environmental justice under the EU treaty system -- 9.1.1 Article 263 TFEU - annulment proceedings -- 9.1.2 Article 267 TFEU - the preliminary ruling procedure -- 9.1.3 Article 265 TFEU - legal proceedings in respect of a failure to act -- 9.1.4 Articles 268 and 340(2) TFEU - non-contractual liability
  • 9.2 The Århus Regulation 1367/06 and access to environmental justice at EU level -- 9.2.1 Material and personal scope of the Århus Regulation's access to justice provisions -- 9.2.2 Review procedures under the Århus Regulation's access-to justice provisions -- 9.2.3 EU case law on the Århus Regulation's impact on judicial review -- 9.3 Internal review under the Ship Recycling Regulation 1257/13 -- 9.4 Some brief reflections on the impact of the EU's access to environmental justice framework in relation to EU institutional conduct -- 10 Private enforcement of EU environmental law at EU institutional level (2): administrative complaints procedures and other possibilities -- 10.1 The European Ombudsman (EO) -- 10.1.1 General remit and powers of the EO -- 10.1.2 Environmental maladministration complaints -- 10.2 The European Parliament (EP) -- 10.2.1 Right of petition to the EP -- 10.2.2 Parliamentary questions -- 10.2.3 EP temporary committees of inquiry -- 10.2.4 The EP and Article 258/260 TFEU infringement proceedings -- 10.3 European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) -- 10.3.1 Eligibility and procedure concerning the ECI -- 10.3.2 Right2Water - the first ECI -- 10.4 The European Environment Agency (EEA) -- 10.5 The Council of the EU and individual member states -- 10.6 Some concluding remarks -- PART III The role of member states in enforcing EU environmental law -- 11 Enforcement of EU environmental law by national authorities (1): general principles and environmental inspection responsibilities -- 11.1 General implementation duties of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.1 Active legal responsibilities of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.2 Passive legal responsibilities of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.3 The principle of subsidiarity -- 11.2 The IMPEL network -- 11.2.1 Origins and initial development of IMPEL
  • 11.2.2 Overview of IMPEL's current organisational structure and activities
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
2nd ed.
Extent
1 online resource (787 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780203074848
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC3569124
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL3569124
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr11055977
  • (CaONFJC)MIL785017
  • (OCoLC)932322978
Label
Enforcement of European Union Environmental Law : Legal Issues and Challenges
Link
https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/oulaw/detail.action?docID=3569124
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Table of cases -- Table of treaties and environmental legislation -- Table of abbreviations -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Legal architecture and terminology of the EU: a brief overview -- 1.1.1 Overview of the Union's constitutional development -- 1.2 The EU's institutional framework -- 1.3 EU environmental policy and law -- 1.3.1 Legal basis for the adoption of EU environmental measures -- 1.3.2 Types of EU environmental legislative measures -- PART I The role of the European Commission in enforcing EU environmental law -- 2 EU institutional enforcement of EU environmental law: the general legal framework -- 2.1 The role of the European Commission as primary law enforcer -- 2.2 Types of breaches of EU environmental law -- 2.2.1 Non-transposition cases -- 2.2.2 'Bad-application' cases -- 2.3 Enforcement proceedings brought by the European Commission: Articles 258 and 260(2) TFEU -- 2.3.1 Structure and format of Article 258 TFEU proceedings -- 2.3.2 Structure and format of Article 260(2) TFEU second-round proceedings -- 2.4 Enforcement proceedings brought by a Member State: Article 259 TFEU -- 2.5 The European Atomic Energy Community Treaty and infringement proceedings -- 3 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (1): Article 258 TFEU and 'first-round' infringement proceedings -- 3.1 Detection of breaches of law -- 3.2 Overview of core elements of Commission infringement proceedings -- 3.2.1 General remarks regarding first-round proceedings under Article 258 TFEU -- 3.2.2 General remarks regarding second-round proceedings under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 3.2.3 Tables highlighting procedure and typical length of Article 258 TFEU infringement actions -- 3.3 The pre-litigation phase in Article 258 TFEU infringement proceedings -- 3.3.1 Evidence and onus of proof
  • 3.3.2 Investigations and the role of Article 4(3) TEU: duty of co-operation -- 3.3.3 European Commission discretion in deciding to take legal action -- 3.3.4 Letter of Formal Notice (LFN): the first written warning -- 3.3.5 Reasoned Opinion (RO): the second written warning -- 3.4 The litigation phase: application to the CJEU -- 3.4.1 Contents of the Court application -- 3.4.2 Temporal aspects of the litigation phase -- 3.5 Common defence submissions in environmental infringement proceedings -- 3.5.1 Internal problems facing an EU member state -- 3.5.2 The element of fault on the part of the defendant member state -- 3.5.3 Breach by another member state -- 3.5.4 De minimis-type arguments -- 3.5.5 Adequacy of implementation of EU environmental law -- 3.5.6 Temporal arguments -- 3.6 Interim relief and Article 258 TFEU proceedings -- 3.6.1 Legal and institutional framework for securing interim measures -- 3.6.2 Interim measures and environmental casework -- 4 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (2): Article 260 TFEU and 'second-round' infringement proceedings -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.1.1 Duration of second-round infringement procedure -- 4.2 General legal framework of the second-round infringement action (Article 260 TFEU) -- 4.2.1 Article 260(1) TFEU -- 4.2.2 Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3 Financial penalties under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3.1 European Commission policy on financial penalties under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.3.2 The CJEU's principles relating to financial sanctions under Article 260(2) TFEU -- 4.4 Some concluding remarks on the second-round infringement procedure -- 5 Enforcement action brought by the European Commission (3): some critical reflections -- 5.1 Investigation and detection of infringements -- 5.1.1 Investigatory and inspection tools -- 5.1.2 Resources issues
  • 5.1.3 Complainants as sources of information on environmental law enforcement -- 5.2 Limitations of legal structures underpinning Articles 258 and 260 TFEU -- 5.2.1 Temporal aspects -- 5.2.2 Legal sanctions -- 5.3 The European Commission and conflicts of interest -- 5.3.1 College of Commissioners -- 5.3.2 The level of Directorate General -- 5.4 Prioritisation of cases and reform of the monitoring process -- 5.4.1 Commission responses to the issue of casework prioritisation -- 5.5 Accountability and infringement proceedings -- 5.6 Statistical information on EU environmental infringement cases -- 5.6.1 European Commission annual reports on monitoring the application of EU law -- 5.6.2 European Commission annual surveys and other annual publications on the implementation and enforcement of EU environmental law -- 5.6.3 Statistical tables on EU environmental complaints and infringement cases -- 5.7 Some brief concluding remarks -- PART II The role of private persons in enforcing EU environmental law -- Section 1 Taking action at national level -- 6 Enforcement of EU environmental law at national level by private persons: general legal principles -- 6.1 Direct effect and EU environmental law -- 6.1.1 General introduction -- 6.1.2 Criteria for direct effect and EU environmental directives -- 6.1.3 Applying direct effect of directives against public authorities -- 6.1.4 Reliance upon directives against private persons -- 6.2 Indirect effect and EU environmental law -- 6.2.1 General points -- 6.2.2 Indirect effect and liability under criminal or administrative law -- 6.3 Concluding remarks -- 7 Access to justice at national level for breaches of EU environmental law (1): the role of the Court of Justice of the EU -- 7.1 General principle of procedural autonomy under EU law -- 7.2 Remedies at national level: general principles developed by the CJEU
  • 7.2.1 Duties on national courts to provide remedies -- 7.2.2 Duties of non-judicial national authorities to provide adequate remedies -- 7.3 State liability for breaches of EU environmental law -- 7.3.1 General legal criteria for proving state liability under EU law -- 7.3.2 State liability and EU environmental law -- 7.4 Some concluding remarks -- 8 Access to justice at national level for breaches of EU environmental law (2): EU legislation on access to legal review at national level -- 8.1 The 1998 Århus Convention and its impact on the EU legal order -- 8.1.1 Overview of Århus -- 8.1.2 Legal impact of Århus for the European Union -- 8.2 EU legislative implementation of the Århus Convention's obligations on access to environmental justice -- 8.2.1 Access to justice regarding the first pillar of Århus (environmental information) -- 8.2.2 Access to justice regarding the second pillar of Århus (public participation in environmental decision-making) -- 8.2.3 Access to justice regarding the third pillar: environmental law enforcement -- 8.3 Possibilities for a general EU directive on access to justice in environmental matters at national level -- 8.3.1 The Seventh EU Environmental Action Programme (EAP7) and access to environmental justice at national level -- 8.3.2 The 2003 Draft Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (AJEM) Directive -- 8.4 Some concluding remarks -- Section 2 Taking action at EU level -- 9 Private enforcement of EU environmental law at EU institutional level (1): access to justice -- 9.1 Access to environmental justice under the EU treaty system -- 9.1.1 Article 263 TFEU - annulment proceedings -- 9.1.2 Article 267 TFEU - the preliminary ruling procedure -- 9.1.3 Article 265 TFEU - legal proceedings in respect of a failure to act -- 9.1.4 Articles 268 and 340(2) TFEU - non-contractual liability
  • 9.2 The Århus Regulation 1367/06 and access to environmental justice at EU level -- 9.2.1 Material and personal scope of the Århus Regulation's access to justice provisions -- 9.2.2 Review procedures under the Århus Regulation's access-to justice provisions -- 9.2.3 EU case law on the Århus Regulation's impact on judicial review -- 9.3 Internal review under the Ship Recycling Regulation 1257/13 -- 9.4 Some brief reflections on the impact of the EU's access to environmental justice framework in relation to EU institutional conduct -- 10 Private enforcement of EU environmental law at EU institutional level (2): administrative complaints procedures and other possibilities -- 10.1 The European Ombudsman (EO) -- 10.1.1 General remit and powers of the EO -- 10.1.2 Environmental maladministration complaints -- 10.2 The European Parliament (EP) -- 10.2.1 Right of petition to the EP -- 10.2.2 Parliamentary questions -- 10.2.3 EP temporary committees of inquiry -- 10.2.4 The EP and Article 258/260 TFEU infringement proceedings -- 10.3 European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) -- 10.3.1 Eligibility and procedure concerning the ECI -- 10.3.2 Right2Water - the first ECI -- 10.4 The European Environment Agency (EEA) -- 10.5 The Council of the EU and individual member states -- 10.6 Some concluding remarks -- PART III The role of member states in enforcing EU environmental law -- 11 Enforcement of EU environmental law by national authorities (1): general principles and environmental inspection responsibilities -- 11.1 General implementation duties of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.1 Active legal responsibilities of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.2 Passive legal responsibilities of national authorities under EU law -- 11.1.3 The principle of subsidiarity -- 11.2 The IMPEL network -- 11.2.1 Origins and initial development of IMPEL
  • 11.2.2 Overview of IMPEL's current organisational structure and activities
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
2nd ed.
Extent
1 online resource (787 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780203074848
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC3569124
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL3569124
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr11055977
  • (CaONFJC)MIL785017
  • (OCoLC)932322978

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