The Resource Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool, Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux

Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool, Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux

Label
Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool
Title
Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation
Title remainder
investigating the durability of a weed management tool
Statement of responsibility
Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In France in 2009, several crop destruction campaigns targeted herbicide-tolerant (HT) sunflowers obtained by mutagenesis. Facing this emerging debate on HT crops, the French Ministries in charge of Agriculture and of Ecology asked INRA and CNRS to gather analytical elements with regard to the real effects, both medium and long-term, of the cultivation of HT crops. This book presents the results of a multidisciplinary expert report on these questions, based on a review of the international literature. HT crops may seem to be useful complementary tools when farmers are facing certain difficult weed-management situations or in the context of a diversification of weed-control strategies. Their repeated use, however, can rapidly induce changes int he weed flora that can constitute more complex challenges in terms of weed control. Issues coming up with the development of agricultural production systems including HT crops are the objects of this expert report: what are the perceptions of these varieties by society and the reasons for the adoption by farmers? Are the savings on herbicides promoted by seed companies long-lasting? Can the cultivation of HT crops impact biodiversity? Overall, this work identifies key points to be taken into account when drawing up guidelines that govern the use of HT crops in order to preserve the effectiveness of this innovation over time. A working group was set up from July 2010 to November 2011, including specialists in ecology, agronomy, herbicide chemistry, genetics, economics, sociology and law. the full report is supported by a bibliographic corpus of more than 1,500 references, assembled by three documentation specialists. it is composed primarily of international peer-reviewed scientific articles, complemented by statistical data, monographs and technical reports. From these references, the experts have extracted, analysed and assembled the relevant elements to clarify the questions at hand
Cataloging source
N$T
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Beckert, Michel
Dewey number
  • 630
  • 570
Index
no index present
LC call number
SB317.H45
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Dessaux, Yves
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Herbicide-resistant crops
  • TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
  • TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
  • Herbicide-resistant crops
  • Life Sciences
  • Agriculture
  • Plant Breeding/Biotechnology
  • Ecotoxicology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Agricultural Economics
  • International Environmental Law
Label
Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool, Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux
Link
https://ezproxy.lib.ou.edu/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-024-1007-5
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Foreword; Context of€the€Evaluation Request: Questions Submitted to€the€INRA and€CNRS; A Few Preliminary Definitions; Methods and€Scope of€This ESCo; Organisation of€the€Summary Document; Acknowledgement; Contents; List of Authors; Chapter 1: Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance and€HTV Breeding Techniques; 1.1 From Herbicide Modes of€Action to€Genetic Determinants of€the€HT Trait; 1.1.1 Biological Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance in€Plants; 1.1.1.1 Herbicide Modes of€Action; 1.1.1.2 Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance; 1.1.2 Resistance to€Different Herbicide Classes
  • 1.1.2.1 Resistance to€Class C Herbicides: Inhibitors of€Photosynthesis1.1.2.2 Resistance to€Class B Herbicides: ALS Inhibitors; 1.1.2.3 Resistance to€Class A€Herbicides: ACCase Inhibitors; 1.1.2.4 Resistance to€Class G Herbicides: EPSPS Inhibitors; 1.1.2.5 Resistance to€Class H Herbicides: GS Inhibitors; 1.2 Introducing the€HT Trait into€the€Genome of€a€Cultivated Species; 1.2.1 Use of€Spontaneous and€Induced Mutations; 1.2.1.1 Use of€Spontaneous Mutations; 1.2.1.2 Inducing Mutations via Mutagenesis; 1.2.2 Transgenesis; 1.2.2.1 Classic Methods for€Inserting the€Transgene
  • Methods of€TransformationCurrent Applications for€HTV Development; Transformation of€Chloroplasts; 1.2.2.2 Verification of€Transformation Success and€Conformity with€European Law; Characterisation of€Transgene Insertion; Excision of€Marker Genes; 1.3 Perspectives on€the€Evolution of€HTV Breeding Techniques; 1.3.1 TILLING, the€High-Speed Screening of€Mutants; 1.3.2 Targeted Modifications of€the€Genome; 1.3.2.1 Use of€Zinc Finger Nucleases; 1.3.2.2 Utilisation of€Oligonucleotides; 1.4 Existing HTVs; 1.4.1 The First HTVs: Use of€Resistant Mutants; 1.4.2 The Development of€Transgenic HTVs
  • 1.4.3 Effects of€the€HT Trait on€Plant Growth and€Reproduction1.4.3.1 The Case of€Atrazine Tolerance in€Atrazine-Tolerant Oilseed€Rape; 1.4.3.2 Varieties Tolerant to€Sulfonylureas and€to€Imidazolinones; 1.4.3.3 Yield Studies for€Transgenic HTVs; 1.4.3.4 Secondary Effects; 1.5 Conclusions; Chapter 2: HTV Diffusion and€Use; 2.1 HTV Adoption Worldwide; 2.1.1 Adoption of€Transgenic Varieties Tolerant to€a€Non-Ưselective Herbicide; 2.1.1.1 Global Data; 2.1.1.2 Specific World Regions; 2.1.2 Adoption of€HTVs Developed Via€Mutation and€Tolerant to€a€Selective Herbicide
  • 2.1.3 HT Spring Oilseed Rape in€Canada2.2 Possible Drivers of€HTV Adoption; 2.2.1 A solution for€Difficult Weed-Control Situations; 2.2.1.1 Weeds Difficult to€Eliminate with€Traditional Selective Herbicides; 2.2.1.2 Weeds Closely Related to€the€Crop; 2.2.2 Reduction in€Quantities of€Herbicides Used; 2.2.3 Ease of€Use; Compatibility with€No-Till; 2.2.4 Yield and€Harvest Quality; 2.3 The North American Example: The€Expansion of€Transgenic HTVs and€Its Consequences; 2.3.1 Marketing Strategies for€HTVs; 2.3.1.1 Marketing Strategies for€HT Seeds and€Their Associated Herbicides
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789402410075
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
SpringerLink
Other control number
10.1007/978-94-024-1007-5
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)973396858
  • (OCoLC)ocn973396858
Label
Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool, Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux
Link
https://ezproxy.lib.ou.edu/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-024-1007-5
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Foreword; Context of€the€Evaluation Request: Questions Submitted to€the€INRA and€CNRS; A Few Preliminary Definitions; Methods and€Scope of€This ESCo; Organisation of€the€Summary Document; Acknowledgement; Contents; List of Authors; Chapter 1: Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance and€HTV Breeding Techniques; 1.1 From Herbicide Modes of€Action to€Genetic Determinants of€the€HT Trait; 1.1.1 Biological Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance in€Plants; 1.1.1.1 Herbicide Modes of€Action; 1.1.1.2 Mechanisms of€Herbicide Resistance; 1.1.2 Resistance to€Different Herbicide Classes
  • 1.1.2.1 Resistance to€Class C Herbicides: Inhibitors of€Photosynthesis1.1.2.2 Resistance to€Class B Herbicides: ALS Inhibitors; 1.1.2.3 Resistance to€Class A€Herbicides: ACCase Inhibitors; 1.1.2.4 Resistance to€Class G Herbicides: EPSPS Inhibitors; 1.1.2.5 Resistance to€Class H Herbicides: GS Inhibitors; 1.2 Introducing the€HT Trait into€the€Genome of€a€Cultivated Species; 1.2.1 Use of€Spontaneous and€Induced Mutations; 1.2.1.1 Use of€Spontaneous Mutations; 1.2.1.2 Inducing Mutations via Mutagenesis; 1.2.2 Transgenesis; 1.2.2.1 Classic Methods for€Inserting the€Transgene
  • Methods of€TransformationCurrent Applications for€HTV Development; Transformation of€Chloroplasts; 1.2.2.2 Verification of€Transformation Success and€Conformity with€European Law; Characterisation of€Transgene Insertion; Excision of€Marker Genes; 1.3 Perspectives on€the€Evolution of€HTV Breeding Techniques; 1.3.1 TILLING, the€High-Speed Screening of€Mutants; 1.3.2 Targeted Modifications of€the€Genome; 1.3.2.1 Use of€Zinc Finger Nucleases; 1.3.2.2 Utilisation of€Oligonucleotides; 1.4 Existing HTVs; 1.4.1 The First HTVs: Use of€Resistant Mutants; 1.4.2 The Development of€Transgenic HTVs
  • 1.4.3 Effects of€the€HT Trait on€Plant Growth and€Reproduction1.4.3.1 The Case of€Atrazine Tolerance in€Atrazine-Tolerant Oilseed€Rape; 1.4.3.2 Varieties Tolerant to€Sulfonylureas and€to€Imidazolinones; 1.4.3.3 Yield Studies for€Transgenic HTVs; 1.4.3.4 Secondary Effects; 1.5 Conclusions; Chapter 2: HTV Diffusion and€Use; 2.1 HTV Adoption Worldwide; 2.1.1 Adoption of€Transgenic Varieties Tolerant to€a€Non-Ưselective Herbicide; 2.1.1.1 Global Data; 2.1.1.2 Specific World Regions; 2.1.2 Adoption of€HTVs Developed Via€Mutation and€Tolerant to€a€Selective Herbicide
  • 2.1.3 HT Spring Oilseed Rape in€Canada2.2 Possible Drivers of€HTV Adoption; 2.2.1 A solution for€Difficult Weed-Control Situations; 2.2.1.1 Weeds Difficult to€Eliminate with€Traditional Selective Herbicides; 2.2.1.2 Weeds Closely Related to€the€Crop; 2.2.2 Reduction in€Quantities of€Herbicides Used; 2.2.3 Ease of€Use; Compatibility with€No-Till; 2.2.4 Yield and€Harvest Quality; 2.3 The North American Example: The€Expansion of€Transgenic HTVs and€Its Consequences; 2.3.1 Marketing Strategies for€HTVs; 2.3.1.1 Marketing Strategies for€HT Seeds and€Their Associated Herbicides
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789402410075
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
SpringerLink
Other control number
10.1007/978-94-024-1007-5
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)973396858
  • (OCoLC)ocn973396858

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